Lapis lazuli is an opaque deep-blue gemstone mottled with yellow and white. What is The Birthstone For December? None of the gems on this list or others is the original December gem. IGS may receive customer referral fees from the companies listed in this page. Alexandrite is the modern birthstone for June. Meaning: spiritual protection. This stone for December itself is a relatively recent discovery, having been found only in 1967 in Tanzania, hence the name tanzanite. The garnet family is one of the most complex in the gem world. Home » Learning Center » Gemology » Reference Charts & Materials » Birthstone Chart. However, blue topaz and tanzanite are also modern options. The birthstones for December 4th are Tanzanite and Kyanite. From the fiery … Color: Mostly red or deep red. Hardness: 9 Color: Yellow to red-orange, also deep orange and orangey brown. Color: Blue to blue-green. Major Sources: Brazil, Bolivia, Uruguay, and Zambia. It is most often set into sterling silver jewelry. Faceted specimens are extremely rare and usually…. Which one is for you? The list of traditional or ancient birthstones most well-known in the United States actually originated in Poland between the 16th and 18th centuries. However, it’s quite a rare mineral. Learn more. Pearl is the traditional birthstone. Both tourmalines and opals have their aficionados, but opals just edge past them in popularity. If you're … These gemstones range from the oldest on Earth to one of the first mined and used in jewelry, to one of the most recently discovered. The correct question would in fact be, what are the birthstones for December? Onyx is a banded chalcedony of black and white, though black is the December stone’s most popular color. Learn … Blue Topaz is a cool, crisp blue, making it the perfect choice as a December birthstone. Ruby is both the modern and traditional birthstone for July. The January birthstone, garnet, is thought to keep the wearer safe during travel. Emerald has been synonymous with the color green since ancient times. However, citrine is a more affordable modern option. Color: Colorless, gray, shades of yellow, brown, pink, green, orange, lavender, blue, black; rarely red. Turquoise, the oldest birthstone of December, is blue. A beautiful rich colored gem. Crystallography: Hexagonal. (Imagine trying to create a ring with a pearl, a turquoise cabochon, and a diamond and emerald, both faceted). From January to December we have a variety of birthstone rings, earrings, necklaces and bracelets. All of them have beautiful shades of blue. Topaz is the birthstone for December in the Hindu calendar, and is also listed as modern December birthstone in the West, though there the gemstone’s variety specifically designated to be birthstone of December is the blue topaz. See also Lapis Lazuli: Stone of Purity. Still, blue is the color of December birthstone widely accepted in modern gemology. Gregorian Birthstone Poem. gem ID checklist tutorial. Lapis lazuli is traditionally a birthstone for December. Explore a range of gemological tests… not only will you get familiar with the process but also time-saving shortcuts. Major Sources: Colombia, Brazil, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, and Nigeria. Hardness: 7.5-8 Beware of cheap “no name” refractometers (and their distributors). Thus, some traditional stones remain popular. Hardness: 9 Britain's National Association of Goldsmiths created their own standardized list of birthstones in 1937. Turquoise was also a symbol of wealth, prosperity, and abundance in many ancient societies. Onyx is the birthstone for December in the old Tibetan calendar. Hardness: 7.5-8 In the United States today, people draw freely from both lists and pick the stones that appeal to them. One of the most popular traditional jewelry stones, ruby is exceptionally durable. See what’s inside…, • Discover the 17 practical steps to gemstone identification (even if you’re just getting started with gemology), • Learn how you can use specific tools to gather data, make observations & arrive at an accurate ID. Even though topaz has a greater hardness (8) than citrine, citrine still makes a more durable ring stone. Golden topaz is now a modern birthstone option. No other gem comes in as many colors, including multi-colors, as tourmaline, the modern October birthstone. Garnet, the birthstone of January, is mined in a rainbow of colors. There are three December birthstones; tanzanite, zircon, and turquoise. Sources: Sri Lanka, Kashmir, Australia, Myanmar, Thailand, and the United States. Rarer varieties can be lighter red and nearly any other color. In 1912, the National Association of Jewelers released a list of so-called “modern birthstones.” The modern list differed somewhat from the traditional, most notably by including only transparent gems. 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