Additional symptoms may sometimes provide clues as to the underlying cause as well as the seriousness of recurrent infections. For example, bronchitis is often caused by a virus, whereas most cases of pneumonia are bacterial in origin. Thomas M, Bomar PA. Upper respiratory tract infection. The next…. Make sure your hands are clean, particularly before eating or touching your face or mouth. Try these tips: Most chest infection symptoms typically go away within 7 to 10 days, although a cough can last up to three weeks. Recurrent and sustained viral infections in primary immunodeficiencies. Not!. fever. This is particularly true in never smokers, as lung cancer is not usually high on a physician's radar screen. Hemoptysis: evaluation and management. That said, lung cancer is relatively common in lifelong never smokers, and the incidence is increasing. As a cause of COPD as well as liver disease in some people, it often presents with recurrent respiratory infections between the ages of 20 and 50. While the condition cannot be cured, careful monitoring (and enzyme replacement therapy in those who have severe disease) may prevent complications, such as severe COPD. Treatment is important to reduce chronic lung damage and includes regular immunoglobulin (gammaglobulin given either IV or IM) as well as the judicious use of antibiotics to treat infections. Complications of the flu can include bacterial pneumonia, ear infection, sinus infection, dehydration, and worsening of chronic medical conditions, such as congestive heart failure, asthma, or diabetes. From a big-picture standpoint, these infections represent an imbalance between exposure to microorganisms (high microbial load) and the ability of the immune system to eliminate them. Not all carbs are created equal. These infections may be caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungi, and may involve the upper respiratory tract, the lower respiratory tree, or both. If your chest infection is caused by a virus, antibiotics won’t be effective. Avoid lying flat when sleeping. The symptoms of a lung infection are high fever (which is an indication of an infection), feeling breathless, a cough with phlegm, bloodstained sputum, sharp pain in the chest… Many people are familiar with the typical signs and symptoms of respiratory infections. There aren't any studies that specifically describe the incidence of underlying conditions responsible for repeated infections, but it's likely that these conditions are underdiagnosed. 2. Garcia JM, Gamboa P, de la Calle A, et al. (most people with these do not have a family history). Bronchitis is a common infection, especially during the winter months. Childhood (and sometimes adult) lung infections such as tuberculosis, measles, whooping cough and pneumonia can leave behind areas of damaged lung with bronchiectasis. Other criteria that suggest that repeated infections are abnormal and may be related to an underlying cause are discussed below, but one of the most important (but seldom mentioned) "symptoms" is your gut feeling. StatPearls. How to Prevent and Treat Bronchitis While Pregnant. Sciatica can be a real pain at night. Sleep is absolutely crucial for your physical and mental health. If bacteria are causing your chest infection, these tests can also help them decide which antibiotic to use. Have you required preventive antibiotics to reduce the number of infections you are having? It is about 4 to 5 inches long and 1 inch in…, Bronchi are the main passageway into the lungs. Due to the importance of confirming or ruling out an underlying cause, we will look at each of these more closely. A chronic cough is a cough that lasts eight weeks or longer in adults, or four weeks in children.A chronic cough is more than just an annoyance. However, antibiotics are sometimes needed to assist with recovery. That said, there are a few in particular are more commonly discovered in adults who are experiencing repeated respiratory infections. 2012;29(4):354-62. doi:10.4103/0970-2113.102824, Ramos MB, Botana-Rial M, Garcia-Fontan E, Fernandez-Villar A, Torreira MG. Update in the extraction of airway foreign bodies in adults. Thank you, {{}}, for signing up. Anyone with a weakened immune system (transplant recipients, chemo patients, etc.) What Kind of Inhalers and Nebulizer Treatments Work for Bronchitis? they are interfering with my life! Murray and Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine, 6th Edition. 2013;18(9):459–460. The treatment of recurrent respiratory infections will depend on the underlying condition, but must also address the infections at the time to minimize the risk of long term damage. Chronic pneumonia can also be associated with exposure to prescribed pharmaceutical agents. Have you had more than four ear infections in one year? Recurrent bladder infections, defined as three or more episodes over a 12-month period, can affect women, men and children. Lung diseases: Conditions such as bronchiectasis (dilating of the airways) are an important cause of repeated infections and may not be diagnosed until several infections have occurred. There are well over 200 different disorders that include antibody disorders, T cell disorders, combined B cell/T cell disorders, phagocyte disorders, complement disorders, and more. The exact frequency is unknown, but bronchial foreign bodies are found in 0.2% to 0.33% of all bronchoscopies. 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